France was the artistic center of international culture in the 17th and 18th centuries and the Louis Styles of this “Golden Age of Frame Making” produced spectacular opulent frames of unmatched carving and gilding. In the 19th century, when these designs were recreated in revival designs, the ornamentation was cast in plaster and no longer hand-carved. Louis 13th and Louis 14th style continuous designs in particular paved the way for late 19th century Barbizon style cast frames.
Louis 16th – In the late 18th century, France continued to produce ornate and finely crafted hand-carved and gilt frames. Louis 16th style frames were created with a more subdued aesthetic style based on the principles of early Neoclassicism and ancient Greek and Roman classical design. Dating from 1774- 1792, Louis 16th style frames were more linear, symmetrical designs with simpler ornamentation than previous French styles.
Cove – A frame molding, also called a scotia, with a concave profile commonly used in 19th century American frame designs.