English frame designs were greatly influenced by French and Dutch styles. Although frames were often mass produced in the 19th century and the gilded ornamentation was usually cast in plaster or ‘compo’ instead of hand-carved, many exquisite designs were created during this time such as frames associated with the Pre-Raphaelite and Aesthetic Movements. The reeded or Whistler style frame, widely made in late 19th century England and America, was used extensively by James Abbott McNeil Whistler.
Double-sweep – An extremely ornate Rococo frame style from the mid-18th century in which the top and back rails are curved or swept (instead of straight) between large ornate corner and center cartouches. These frames are usually referred to as ‘double-sweep’ frames.